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Chicken Math: Which Breeds Lay the Most Eggs?

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You’ve got your chickens and your coop, but now you have to determine which chicken breeds lay the most eggs, right? The answer isn’t always as cut-and-dried as you might think! When looking at egg production, there are three major factors to consider: the weight of the chicken, its feed conversion rate (how many pounds of feed it takes to produce one pound of weight gain), and how long it takes them to reach maturity. Here’s an overview of some chicken breeds that fit each category, along with some specifics on their egg-laying prowess.



How many eggs do chickens lay a year?


As you can imagine, there are tons of chicken breeds out there. Each one has unique characteristics that make it more suited to certain people and situations than others. For example, if you’re looking for a bird that is relatively quiet and easy to keep indoors, an ornamental breed might be better for you than an industrious dual-purpose breed—and vice versa. Just like humans, chickens can be roughly broken into two categories: those that lay lots of eggs and those that don’t. Here are six tips for choosing a chicken breed (or breeds) on which to focus your efforts!

  1. Consider Size and Temperament: When considering how many eggs your flock will produce, consider both size and temperament. You want birds that are large enough to produce a lot of eggs without being so large they won’t fit in your coop or space. On average, bantam hens tend to lay fewer eggs per year than standard-sized hens because they have smaller bodies; however, bantams also tend to have less meat on their bones so they may not be worth keeping if you plan to eat them later in life.
  2. Choose Dual-Purpose Breeds: If you’re interested in raising your food, choose a breed known as dual purpose. These birds aren’t great egg layers but they do provide plenty of meat at maturity. The best dual-purpose breeds are generally hardy and active with strong constitutions; some common examples include Plymouth Rocks, Rhode Island Reds, and Wyandottes.
  3. Choose Ornamental Birds: If all you care about is looks, pick an ornamental chicken breed such as Silkies or Polish fowls. They aren’t great egg layers but these fancy fowls certainly look good sitting around your yard or garden!
  4. Know Your Flock’s True Potential: One thing to keep in mind when trying to figure out how many eggs your flock will lay is that every chicken is different. Some breeds, such as Leghorns, are known for producing large numbers of eggs but even within a single breed, there can be considerable variation from hen to hen. A good rule of thumb is to expect somewhere between 200 and 300 eggs per year from a healthy hen under optimal conditions; some hens might produce much more while others might only produce 100 or less.
  5. Keep Track Over Time: Once you have chosen your ideal chicken breed(s), start tracking how well each individual performs over time by recording daily egg production. This way, you’ll know exactly what to expect from your flock and you’ll be able to identify any problems early.
  6. Add More Hens: If you’d like to increase the number of eggs your current flock lays, add more hens!



Factors affecting egg-laying – Feed, Light, Age


The age of your flock is important in determining how many eggs they will lay. For hens, egg laying starts to taper off once they hit about 3 years old, and for roosters, it’s usually around 6 or 7 years old. The quality of food you feed your chickens also affects how much they produce. A study done at North Carolina State University found that feeding a diet rich in protein and low in fat can increase egg output by up to 25%. Additionally, if you’re raising hens outside, under direct sunlight; on cloudy days versus full sun; or on nights when there are fewer hours of light—all affect their ability to lay eggs.



Feed conversion ratio – how much feed it takes to make an egg


Every chicken breed is different. Some of them have to eat a lot more than others before they can produce an egg. This is what’s called their Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR). It’s how much feed they need to eat to produce one unit of product (e.g., one egg). The lower your FCR, hence better at converting food into eggs or meat, you are! But that’s not all! Hens with a low FCR also tend to be productive and hens with high FCR aren’t as good for their production levels given their diet.



How long does it take until chickens start laying eggs?


It’s not uncommon for beginners to be surprised at how long it takes their chickens to start laying eggs. Some chickens will take a few months before they begin laying, while others may take up to a year. What determines when your chickens start laying eggs is a combination of factors, including genetics and environment. Understanding how these factors contribute to egg-laying helps you develop realistic expectations about what you’re getting into and why some flocks might take longer than others.



Backyard Chicken Breeds chart



The first thing you have to do is decide how many eggs you want from your hens. Do you want a dozen eggs a week? A dozen every other day? A half-dozen per week, or maybe just one egg at a time as part of your morning routine. It’s also important to consider whether you’ll be saving money by raising chickens yourself instead of buying them from a grocery store. You can check out our chart for an overview of egg-laying potential, but keep in mind that individual results will vary based on climate, weather, and care provided. For example, if you live in a warm climate with little seasonal variation, your birds might not lay as much during winter months when they’re less likely to be outside. Conversely, if you live somewhere like Alaska where there are more than 200 days of sunlight each year, your flock may produce significantly more eggs than those raised in areas with fewer hours of daylight. And finally, remember that most breeds are seasonal layers; some produce more eggs during spring and summer while others give their all in autumn and winter. These factors combined mean that even within a given breed, individual results can vary widely. So it’s important to think about what kind of eggs you want and when you want them before deciding which breed is best for your situation.


               Breeds eggs per year
Hybrid / Golden Comet lay about 280 medium-sized brown-colored eggs/ year.
Barred Plymouth Rock lays about 280 eggs/year.
Rhode Island Reds lay about 250 medium brown eggs/year.
Delaware lays more than 250 eggs/ year
Leghorn lays about 250 medium white eggs/ year.
Marans lay about 200 medium-sized eggs/year.
Light Sussex lays about 200 eggs/year.
Buff Orpington lays about 180 regular-sized and white eggs/ year.



Read Also :


Brahma Type Chickens: The Pros and Cons


Egg Laying – Why Your Chicken Won’t Lay Eggs

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  1. Pingback: Five Reasons You Should Raise Chickens in The City - Gentel Life Plus

  2. Pingback: Brahma Type Chickens: The Pros and Cons - Gentel Life Plus

  3. Pingback: Five Reasons You Should Raise Chickens in The City

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