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5 Important Things for Beginner Aquarists to Know Before They Start




If you are new to the aquarium hobby, you may be wondering how to start an aquarium from scratch. A first-time aquarist can benefit from learning about the basics of the hobby before starting their tank, as it will help them avoid making costly mistakes and become an expert on the hobby more quickly. Here are five important things that beginner aquarists should know before they get started with their aquarium.



1) Not All Fish Are the Same


Like most hobbies, fishkeeping is full of terminology. Before you start, it’s helpful to know some basic terms so you’re not confused when you go shopping or researching. It’s also important to know what types of fish can work in your tank (and which ones aren’t compatible with others). Different types of fish have different requirements—some are reef safe and some are predators; some need a lot of space and others don’t require much at all. Be sure that you research thoroughly before committing to a particular type of fish or else you might end up disappointed later on when your tank doesn’t turn out as expected. The best thing to do is visit local pet stores and aquarium societies so you can learn from more experienced hobbyists firsthand.



2) The Bigger the Tank, The Better


When it comes to an aquarium tank, bigger is better. A larger tank has a greater surface area which allows for more oxygen exchange at a quicker pace. That means your fish will be healthier and happier! You may think that having more fish in a smaller tank would be better, but over time you’ll notice that those little fish with be swimming around like crazy trying to get air. If you have limited space or funds and still want an aquarium, I suggest looking into small tanks that are made especially for aquarium enthusiasts. This includes nano tanks, aquarium cabinets, and even sometimes tabletop fish tanks! These tiny tanks use very little water but are just as fun as large aquariums



3) Plants Are Required



Plants are vital to an aquarium. Not only do they serve as a food source for some fish, but they also provide cover for smaller fish and invertebrates that may be hiding from predators. Plants in your aquarium will help balance out your water chemistry and reduce algae growth by absorbing nutrients. Plants can even lower carbon dioxide levels in your tank! It’s important to choose plants carefully, however—some varieties can release toxic chemicals that are harmful or fatal to fish if they’re not maintained properly or are incompatible with your environment. You should also know that you shouldn’t use tap water in an aquarium because chlorine will kill off many of your aquatic inhabitants before you even have a chance to bring them home.



4) Water Quality Is Key


As an aquarium owner, it is important to know that water quality is one of, if not THE most important aspect of your tank. Water has many components that affect its quality including pH levels, salinity, and water hardness. To keep your fish healthy and alive long-term, you need to make sure these are monitored daily. It is advised that you check these levels at least once a day if not more often. If you find one of them out of balance or just want peace of mind while away from home on vacation or at work throughout the week, have a trusted friend monitor them for you! Your fish will thank you. Fish Are Living Creatures: The most common mistake beginner aquarists make is thinking their fish are inanimate objects that require very little maintenance beyond feeding and cleaning up after themselves.



5) What Do These Creatures Eat?


Many new aquarium owners purchase an array of different kinds of fish, snails, and crabs with a variety of fin and eye colors, sizes, and shapes. It’s only natural that you want to put all those beautiful sea creatures into your freshwater tank. But before you do, it’s important that you know what they eat. The last thing you want is to have 6 hungry mouths gawking up at you while no food comes their way. If you don’t know what they eat, then it will be harder (if not impossible) for these organisms to survive in your tank.

Different kinds of fish, snails, and crabs have different diets. Some are omnivores that eat both plants and animals. Others will only eat plants (herbivores) or only eat meat (carnivores). To ensure your pet is getting balanced nutrition it’s important to know which category they fall into so you can find their ideal diet. Here is a list of some common aquatic critters with links to lists of their best food options. For more info be sure to share what kind of pet you have in the comments below! If we missed any please tell us in a comment below!

 -Herbivores:  Betta fish; likes high protein pellets – Koi fish; likes goldfish flakes – Oysters; likes oyster shells – Sea horses

-Omnivores: Clownfish; eats copepods, small crustaceans, and algae – Goldfish; eats pellets – Marine snails; eat algae – Mollusks; like mussels

Carnivores: Crabs; prefers krill – Lobsters; eats live fish – Pufferfish – Starfish

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Fish Out of Water? 5 Easy Steps to a Successful First Aquarium



If you’re new to the world of fish and fish tanks, there are a few things you need to know before you get started. A fish tank can provide an excellent backdrop for your new pet, but it also requires regular maintenance and careful planning to keep your fish happy and healthy. If you’re worried that learning how to care for your first fish tank might be too difficult, here are some easy steps to get you on the right track.



  • Where should your tank go?


The best place for your tank will depend on its size, but you’ll probably want it in a low-traffic area that is well-lit and easily accessible. Consider your aquarium an investment: it’s something you’re going to be looking at every day—and probably taking care of every week. Putting it where you can appreciate (or avoid) it as needed is key. You can also use décor (like plants or rocks) to screen off less desirable areas, like corners or doorways. Finally, don’t forget about the ventilation! Your fish need oxygen just like you do, so make sure there are plenty of places for fresh air to flow through.



2) How big should your tank be?


Buying or making an aquarium is exciting, but buying too big of one can lead you into making a common mistake for first-time aquarists: overstocking your tank. This will harm your fish and result in an unhealthy ecosystem where algae start growing uncontrollably. When buying or making an aquarium, make sure it’s large enough for all fish and other organisms you’re considering adding to it. The general rule of thumb is 10 gallons per inch of adult fish.



3) How many fish can you have in there?



Okay, so you’ve bought an aquarium. Great! But what do you put in it? Well, fish (of course), but how many is too many—and just as important, how few is too few? The rule of thumb is 1 inch (2.54 cm) per 1 gallon (3.79 l). So if your tank holds 10 gallons (38 l), aim for at least 10 inches (25.4 cm) of fish plus any plants or decorations—not counting yourself, your friends, and family members—who want to come to look at your fancy new underwater wonderland! Seriously though, start with at least two or three small fish until you get some experience under your belt. Also, remember that your pet store employee may have suggested certain fish because they sell well rather than because they are appropriate for beginners. Don’t let them talk you into anything that doesn’t sound like fun for everyone involved! If you’re not sure where to begin, ask your local pet shop owner for suggestions based on your interests.



4) What kind of fish is right for your new tank?


The right fish for your new aquarium is going to be heavily dependent on what type of tank you have, but more than anything else, they should be hardy. As tempting as it may be, don’t take home that cute 3-inch minnow if it can’t survive in your 10-gallon setup. Whatever fish you choose, make sure that they are compatible with other species and that you have enough food on hand (or can easily source some) so they won’t go hungry while they adjust. There is nothing sadder than seeing fish wither away from malnutrition in your brand-new aquarium. For most people, it’s best to start small – perhaps one or two small schooling fish like tetras or barbs – before moving on to larger predators.



5) What do I need to know before I put my fish in the tank?



There are dozens of things you need to consider before you even think about buying fish for your tank, or even what kind of fish. How large is your tank? Do you want colorful fish or interesting behavior from your coral reef tank? What kind of filtration system will be needed and will it be necessary to chemically treat water from my tap so that it isn’t too harsh on my new inhabitants (this is especially important in saltwater aquariums)? Once you have answered these questions, it’s time for research! It’s easy for first-timers to get overwhelmed by all of their options, so don’t go out and buy everything at once. Start with one type of fish and work up from there.

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6 Tips For Keeping Your Aquarian Fish Healthy



Aquarian fish are some of the most exotic and beautiful pets available, but caring for them can be daunting to first-time pet owners. Aquarian fish are from the water, after all, and can’t just be tossed into any environment with the assumption that they’ll live happily ever after. That’s why we’re giving you these tips on how to keep your aquarian fish healthy. Follow our guidelines, and you’ll be able to enjoy your aquatic friends without worrying about their well-being!




   1 – Use A Large Enough Tank


A large enough tank is a necessary starting point for keeping your aquarian fish healthy. A general rule of thumb is that the tank should be at least ten gallons, but even more, can be better if you have the space. Bigger tanks are better because they allow you to add decorations and other features to create a more natural and comfortable environment for your fish. The size of the tank will also help determine how many fish you can keep, as well as how often you need to perform water changes. Larger tanks require fewer water changes than smaller tanks, but larger tanks also require more maintenance due to their surface area.



   2 – Have The Right Filter


You need to have a filter that is strong enough to keep the water clean and healthy. The best filters are those made with a biological filter, which uses bacteria to break down wastes. However, you need to have the right filter for your fish tank size. Don’t make it too big or too small for your fish tank because if it’s too small, it won’t work properly and if it’s too big, you’re wasting energy that could be used elsewhere in the house. A good rule of thumb is to make sure your filter is at least 10% of the volume of your aquarium.

Aquariums come in all shapes and sizes, so be sure you know how much water there is in your tank before deciding on filter size.



   3 – Keep Water Parameters Balanced


Keeping your water parameters balanced is one of the most important things you can do to maintain a healthy tank. The key to maintaining this balance is keeping your nitrates, ammonia, and pH levels in check. In doing so, you’ll be able to enjoy happy, healthy fish and a thriving ecosystem.

  • Monitor Your Ammonia Levels

One of the most important things you can do to help maintain water parameters is to monitor your ammonia levels regularly. You should always have an ammonia test kit on hand for testing purposes. When your ammonia levels are too high it’s time to do some maintenance such as changing out the water or cleaning up uneaten food from the tank floor. If ammonia levels continue to rise you may need to remove the fish until the issue has been resolved.

  • Change Out at Least Half of Your Water Monthly

It’s also vital that you change at least half of your water monthly. If possible, try and change all the water once a month with fresh dechlorinated tap water or distilled water if the tap isn’t available in your area. You should also consider using a gravel vacuum (or siphon) to suck up any leftover debris in the bottom of the tank while you’re changing the water. Finally, make sure you’re not overfeeding your fish and monitor their appetite because this could lead to excess waste building up within the tank which could lead to further complications down the road. Feeding the correct amount of food per day will keep them happy and healthy!

  • Feed a Balanced Diet

One of the best ways to keep your fish well-fed and content is by feeding them a balanced diet. Look for foods labeled aquarium, vegetable, freshwater, or wet. Avoid flake foods as they tend to have preservatives, dyes, and other additives that can create algae growth and disrupt oxygen cycles within your tank. Instead, opt for live or frozen foods like brine shrimp, bloodworms, mosquito larvae, tubifex worms, and more.



   4 – Feed Fishes Properly



Fish need a varied diet to stay healthy. They should have a balanced mix of vegetables, fruits, and proteins every day. Feed them two or three times per day in small quantities. You can use commercial fish food pellets or you can make your homemade fish food by soaking pieces of bread in water and feeding the soaked bread to your fish. You should feed your fish according to their size; the bigger they are, the more they need to eat. If you notice that they’re not eating as much as usual, try adding some fresh vegetables or garlic to their diet for some variety. Fish also need plenty of clean water so make sure that their tank is well-maintained and clean at all times.



   5 – Avoid Toxic Substances


Do not overfeed your fish. This can lead to a buildup of uneaten food and toxins in the water, which can then become toxic for the fish. It is best to feed them twice a day, only what they will eat in 3 minutes. Some people recommend feeding them only once a day, while others say they should be fed once every other day. Some people say that you should feed them as many times as they want, or whenever they beg for food. You may need to experiment with this before finding what works best for your tank.



   6 – Clean Your Tank Properly


Bacteria from a dirty tank can cause illness in fish. To prevent this, you should clean your tank at least every two weeks. Make sure to scrub the sides and bottom of the tank with a sponge or old toothbrush, and then rinse it well with water. It’s also important to change 10% of the water in your aquarium every week; this will remove any uneaten food that might have fallen to the bottom of your tank. Be sure to use a good quality water conditioner when replacing your water, as tap water may contain chlorine or other substances which are harmful to fish. You should also do a 50% water change if you’ve been using medication on your fish, as it removes both the medication and any buildup that has occurred in the meantime.

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How to Get Rid of Hard Water Stains on Your Aquarium in No Time


How many of us have hard water stains on our aquariums? I know that I do, and sometimes it seems like they never go away despite my best efforts to scrub them off! In this article, I’m going to show you my tips and tricks to getting ford of these hard water stains. Follow these steps and you’ll be able to get your tank looking its best in no time.



Oxygen Bleach


You can also use oxygen bleach to clean your aquarium. Oxygen bleach, or sodium percarbonate (sodium carbonate decahydrate), is a chemical that helps remove stains from glass and acrylic surfaces. Use as directed and ensure you’re diluting it with water before pouring it into your tank. The thing about oxygen bleach is that it’s strongitsff—it’s not for killing slime or algae, but rather for treating stains—so test first! If there are no nasty chemicals in your tank, like copper or ammonia, don’t even bother trying oxygen bleach because chances are good that it won’t work. But if you have hard water stains, it might be worth a shot. To find out if oxygen bleach will work for your aquarium, mix some up and put it in an inconspicuous place in your tank.





You don’t need a lot, just a cup or two will do. Soak a sponge or rag with vinegar and rub it down onto your hard water stains. Let it sit for about 30 seconds then wipe it off with a dry cloth. The acidity in the vinegar will work its way into your aquarium and dissolve away any stains. If you have some rust stains that aren’t coming out after applying vinegar, try adding baking soda instead. It has similar cleaning properties as vinegar but won’t leave behind acidic resin due if used by itself. Mixing equal parts baking soda and water makes a good cleaning solution for removing hard water staining from glass aquariums and containers alike! Once again, let it sit for about half a minute before wiping clean with it a damp cloth. Baking Soda: As mentioned above, baking soda is another great tool to remove hard water stains from glass aquariums.



Baking Soda


Using baking soda is a cheap, easy way to get your aquarium looking great without worrying about what effect it’ll have on your fish. All you need to do is take an old toothbrush, dip it into baking soda, and scrub away at those nasty stains. You mustn’t use detergent or any other cleaning product for your tank—it could damage your aquarium and fish! Only use baking soda! Rinse off with water when finished. Masking Tape: Masking tape can also be used to remove hard water stains from your aquarium. To use masking tape, simply cover each spot with several layers of masking tape. Once you’ve covered each spot, remove all of the masking tapes on the tapes


Lime Away


For hard water stains on your aquarium, you can use a natural solution that will not harm your fish or surrounding plants. Fill a spray bottle with 1⁄2 cup white vinegar and 1⁄2 cup hot water, and spray it onto your tank’s surface. Let it sit for several minutes. Wipe off any debris or particles with a sponge. For stubborn stains, fill another spray bottle with distilled water and 1 teaspoon of baking soda. Spray your tank’s surface; let sit for 20 minutes before wiping clean with a dry cloth. Repeat if necessary. If you have an algae problem, try using a scrub brush dipped in a mixture of 2 cups water and 2 tablespoons lemon juice. Scrub until all algae are gone, then rinse thoroughly with fresh water.



Abrasive cleaners


While you can clean hard water stains with a scrubbing sponge or a variety of cleaners, nothing beats an abrasive cleaner. Gently rub your aquarium glass with it and be sure not to use any type of abrasive cleaner containing ammonia; ammonia is highly toxic to fish. Some great options for aquarium-safe abrasive cleaners include baking soda, vinegar, and salt. Saltwater aquariums are especially prone to hard water buildup because minerals from tap water will make their way into marine tanks due to evaporation. You must make sure your saltwater fish tank is always kept at proper salinity levels so that they don’t get affected by low-salinity shock while you try removing hard water stains.

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