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Reptiles Amphibians

The Mysterious Morphology of Snakes




Snakes are found throughout the world, in all types of environments, including deserts and forests. With such wide distribution, it’s no surprise that there’s a lot of variation in the physical characteristics of snakes. Each species has its unique morphology (body shape). In this article, you’ll find out how the anatomy and structure of snakes vary from one species to another, as well as how it varies depending on the snake’s habitat.


Snake Anatomy


They slither, they hiss, and sometimes they scare us half to death. Though we’re frightened of snakes, many people don’t know much about them beyond what we’ve picked up from scary movies. If you’ve ever wanted to learn more about these feared reptiles (and a few not-so-feared ones), here’s your chance to get up close and personal. Here are six facts about snake anatomy that will help you better understand these mysterious creatures.




  1. What Are They Made Of? Snakes are vertebrates, which means they have a backbone. This makes them very different from other reptiles like turtles or crocodiles. And while there are over 3,000 species of snakes in the world today, all share some common traits—including scales and limbless bodies that allow for easy movement through tight spaces or even water (if it’s nonvenomous).
  2. How Long Can They Get? While most snakes aren’t exactly big—some grow as long as 15 feet!—the reticulated python is considered one of the longest in existence; it can reach lengths over 30 feet!
  3. Do All Snakes Have Fangs? Not all snakes have fangs, but those who do use them primarily for hunting. Some venomous species also use their fangs to inject poison into their prey before eating it whole.
  4. Why Do Snakes Shed Their Skin? Like humans, a snake’s skin gets old and needs replacing every once in a while—usually after molting it several times. But unlike humans, snakes can shed their skin without any pain or irritation thanks to an enzyme called hyaluronidase, which helps break down old tissue so new skin cells can take its place during shedding season.
  5. Where Is Their Brain Located? The brain of a snake is located at its lower end because when they move forward, they push their brains forward with each step!
  6. Did You Know That There Are Two Kinds of Snakes? Most people think that all snakes are poisonous, but actually, only two kinds are venomous: pit vipers and elapids. Pit vipers include rattlesnakes, copperheads, cottonmouths, and bushmasters; elapids include coral snakes, cobras, mambas, kraits, and sea snakes. However, there are lots of snakes out there that aren’t venomous, including boa constrictors and pythons.



Snake Skin


Most snakes have thick, protective scales that cover their entire body. These scales are shed and replaced regularly, usually after several hours or days depending on the species. Snake scales help protect them from predators, temperature changes, and abrasion. Many snakes have special cells called melanocytes in their scales, which give them color variations like bands and blotches. Different species also vary significantly in scale size and shape, as well as texture. Some snake skin feels smooth while other types feel rough to the touch. For example, python skin feels leathery while water snake skin is slimy—this adaptation helps keep these particular animals hidden when they are hunting or basking in sun-warmed water.



Mouth and Jaws



Some snake species have venomous fangs located in their mouths. These snakes use their fangs to inject venom into prey and then swallow it whole. The severity of snakebites can vary depending on a variety of factors, including how much venom is injected, how deep your wounds are, and whether you have any allergic reactions to certain proteins. If you get bitten by a snake, seek medical attention immediately so you can be administered antivenom if necessary and treated for any damages inflicted on your body. Even if it’s not poisonous, a bite from a large snake could take weeks to heal! Make sure all anti-venom and medicines are stored away from children or pets in case they get into them accidentally.



Eyes, Ears, Tongue, and Nose


The eyes of a snake are round, tubular, and set on either side of its head. They have vertical-slit pupils and lack eyelids. While some snakes can’t see well, many rely on their sense of sight to hunt for food and catch potential threats. Snakes also have very sensitive ears that let them pick up on vibrations in their surroundings so they can locate prey and feel if there are any predators around—including humans. The majority of snakes also have tongues that don’t flick as lizard tongues do—instead, they’re tipped with a sticky substance that helps snakes consume all kinds of prey including insects, frogs, and birds.



Body and Tail

A snake’s body and tail are made up almost entirely of one large muscle. It has a flexible spine that allows it to move with exceptional dexterity, even though its backbone is poorly defined. A long and powerful tail helps a snake balance while moving; it also acts as a rudder during swimming, allowing serpents to conserve energy by moving at lower speeds. The skin on both parts is loose but strong; they rely on their scales to protect them against predators. The scales overlap in regular rows or circular patterns, except for along each side where they form keels—raised ridges that run down either side of the body and act like keels on boats, keeping water from flowing over them when swimming at speed.





The snake’s name is derived from its distinctive slit-like eyes and a forked tongue that hangs out in front of its mouth.  These features help it see, smell, and taste prey without having to move around much. Although snakes are reptiles, their bodies are covered with scales rather than feathers or fur. Snakes can be found on every continent except Antarctica, although they are less common on islands due to their inability to swim long distances over open water. Most snakes lay eggs but some give birth to live young. There are about 3,000 species of snakes worldwide with about 450 species found in North America alone!

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Reptiles Amphibians

07 Reasons Why Buying Reptiles Can Change Your Life




How Buying Reptiles Can Change Your Life – Are you looking to add something to your life? Something that can bring joy, excitement, and happiness? Then you should look into buying reptiles for sale as pets! They’re more than just cute—they’re beautiful and intelligent animals who can add joy to your life in ways you never dreamed possible. Here are 07 reasons why buying reptiles for sale can change your life forever.



  1. If you own reptiles you will be healthier


Studies have shown that people who own pets tend to be more social than those who don’t. They also have less stress and a lower risk of depression. And, of course, reptiles make great companions. Besides being interesting to watch, they provide security and entertainment while they’re around, even when you can’t be at home all day.



  1. If you own reptiles you will have happier kids


Children who spend time around pets do better in school, have higher grades and test scores and have more friends. Owning reptiles or other animals is a great way to teach your kids about animal rights, responsibilities, es, and nature. It’s easy for children to bond with reptiles due to their gentle nature, which makes it easier for them to understand how important it is for us not to hurt animals. Taking your child to buy reptiles also teaches them about money management because they will learn that you need to be toed and save up enough money before you can buy an animal you want. They will learn that all creatures on earth are living things with feelings, so being cruetowardds an animal is never acceptable.



  1. If you own reptiles you might live longer



One study published in Scientific Reports in 2015 reported that owning pet reptiles may be associated ted with a lower risk of death from all causes, a finding that was echoed in results from a separate study that same year. The reptile owners had a 31 percent reduced risk of death from any cause over 12 years when compared to people without pets. Scientists aren’t sure exactly what explains these results but they suspect it might have something to do with contact with nature. Both studies included only older adults and those who lived alone—groups not previously studied for their levels of contact with animals—so it’s important to note that even more research is needed before any hard conclusions can be drawn about reptiles specifically. Still, if you’re considering buying reptiles for sale, consider how you might benefit from daily interactions with your pet.



  1. Owning reptiles can help people with ADD/ADHD


Although it’s not exactly common knowledge, studies have shown that keeping reptiles can aid individuals living with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). People who suffer from these conditions experience short attention spans as a result of poor brain chemistry. However, new research has found that reptile ownership can improve symptoms in patients diagnosed with either ADD/ADHD. The therapy is known as Vivarium-based therapy or VBT for short.



  1. Owning reptiles teaches responsibility and self-sufficiency


When you own reptiles, you have to be self-sufficient. You can’t just call up someone at three in the morning because your pet has escaped and is making a new home out of your sofa. And if one of your lizards breaks a leg? Don’t expect Animal Control to rush right over. Owning a reptile means you take full responsibility for its good well-being being. If something goes wrong, it’s up to you to figure it out or get professional help. It’s a good lesson for anyone, young or old.



  1. Owning reptiles is highly educational


Many people think of reptiles as little more than creepy crawlers, but owning one can be highly educational. From tiny geckos to giant snakes and all points in between, reptiles are endlessly fascinating to watch. Even children that may normally dislike school find it easier to get excited about learning when there’s a reptile around for show and tell. Studies have shown time and time again that interaction with animals improves test scores and classroom behavior, which means that owning a pet reptile can make your child smarter. Owning reptiles helps you relax: Nothing beats sitting back in front of an open window watching a lizard sun himself on a branch while listening to your favorite music or reading through your favorite book.



  1. Reptile owners spend more time outdoors



Owning a reptile such as a turtle, snake, or lizard will not only bring you great joy but it can also improve your health. You need to take care of them so you will be outside in your yard more often to feed them. If you’re someone who enjoys getting fresh air and sunshine, then caring for your pet reptiles could be exactly what you need. With more time outdoors, comes less time inside watching TV or playing video games; both of which are detrimental to your overall health. There’s also growing evidence that spending time outside reduces stress levels and encourages us to exercise more frequently.

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